זומר - ייעוץ וטיפול פסיכולוגי
زومر- استشاره وعلاج نفسي
Somer – Counseling and Psychotherapy

If you are aware of valuable MD resources that are not listed here please let us know

Maladaptibe Daydreaming page

מאמרים מדעיים Scientific studies


הרשקו, אורן (2015).  חולמים עצמם לדעת: הקשר בין חלימה בהקיץ חריגה, טראומה בילדות, שקיעה בדימיון, חרדה חברתית והתמכרות לחלימה בהקיץ בקרב  מדגם סטודנטים לא קליני. עבודת גמר מחקרית לקבלת תואר מוסמך שהוגשה לפקולטה למדעי הרווחה והבריאת, אוניברסיטת חיפה
Bigelsen, J., Lehrfeld, J.M., Jopp, D.S. & Somer, E. (2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: Evidence for an under-researched mental health disorder. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, 254-266

Bigelsen, J., & Schupak, C. (2011). Compulsive fantasy: Proposed evidence of an under-reported syndrome through a systematic study of 90 self-identified non-normative fantasizers. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 20, 1634-1648

Herscu, O. (2015). When Life Becomes a Dream:The Relationship between Maladaptive Daydreaming, Childhood Trauma, Absorption, Social Anxiety, and Addiction to Daydreaming in a non-clinical student sample. Thesis submitted to the University of Haifa Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies (In Hebrew) - English abstract
Schupak, C. & Rosenthal, J. (2009). Excessive daydreaming: A case history and discussion of mind wandering and high fantasy proneness. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 18, 290-292.
Somer, E. (2002). Maladaptive daydreaming: A qualitative inquiry. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 32(2), 195-210
Somer, E. (2013). From adaptive fantasy to dissociative psychopathology: On forms of daydreaming. A commentary on Young, W.C. (1988). Observations on Fantasy in the Formation of Multiple Personality Disorder Dissociation. Dissociation, 1(3) 13-20. ISSTDNews, Members Clinical Corner, June, 2013.
Somer, E., Soffer-Dudek, N., & Ross, C. A. (2017). The comorbidity of daydreaming disorder (Maladaptive Daydreaming). Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. doi: 10.1097/NMD.00000000000006 85
Somer, E., Soffer-Dudek, N., Ross, C. A., & Halpern, N. (2017). Maladaptive daydreaming: Proposed diagnostic criteria and their assessment with a structured clinical interview. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4(2), 176-189
Somer, E. Somer, L. & Jopp, S.D. (2016). Childhood Antecedents and Maintaining Factors in Maladaptive Daydreaming. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(6), 471-478. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000507
Somer, E. Somer, L. & Jopp, S.D. (2016). Parallel Lives: A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Maladaptive Daydreaming. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation doi: 10.1080/15299732.2016.1160463

Somer, E., Lehrfeld J., Jopp, D.S., & Bigelsen, J. (2016). Development and Validation of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS). Consciousness and Cognition, 39, 77-91

Tapu, M. (Dec. 2016). Maladaptive Dasydreaming (Letter to the editor). The Psychologist, British Psychological Society
Uslu, H. (2015). Understanding the relationship between media use and maladaptive daydreaming. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Graduare School of Arts and Sciences of Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA


 מדידה Measurement

(16-The 16-item Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale  (MDS  
Copyright, Use, and Permission Statement Note: The following materials are available for attributed public use. We would appreciate being notified of your planned use.  If you wish to copy, distribute, or otherwise re-use these materials or to modify them, please first contact Eli Somer for reprint permission
العَرَبِية /Arabic
Romanian/Limba Română
Proposed Criteria for the Diagnosis of Maldaptive Daydreaming
DSM format
 Structured Clinical Interview for Maldaptive Daydreaming (SCIMD)
Child Maladaptive Daydreaminf Checklist (CMDC)


דיווחים בתקשורת Media reports

גבי גזית מראיין ב 2016 את פרופ׳ אלי זומר על חלימה חריגה בהקיץ, רדיו ללא הפסקה
חוקרים: חלימה חריגה בהקיץ עשויה להפוך להפרעה פסיכיאטרית: כתבה של עידו אפרתי ב״הארץ״ 

Bigelsen, J. and Kelly, T. (April 29, 2015). When daydreaming replaces real life: should elaborate fantasies be considered a psychiatric disorder? The Atlantic

Bonaguro, A. (2015). How to Make Your Daydreams Come True: Letting your mind wander can help your life, or hurt it. Men’s Health
Bonaguro, A. (2015). Wakker worden! Dagdromen kan gevaarlijk zijn. www.menshealth.nl - In Dutch
Borrayo, J.G.M. (2013). Soñar despierto - Divagaciones sanas y patológicas. - In Spanish
CBS New York (2016). What To Do When ‘Destructive Daydreams’ Overtake Reality. Print story retrived from http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2016/11/09/destructive-daydreams/ on Nov.9., 2016
CBS New York (2016). What To Do When ‘Destructive Daydreams’ Overtake Reality. TV story aired Nov. 9, 2016

CNN report (Dec. 30, 2016). What is maladaptive daydreaming?

The story was also featured on Fox 61 TV.

Dovey, D. (2016). Maldaptive daydreaming top triggers and risk factors: How to know if you're addicted to daydreaming. Retrived from Medicaldaily.com on Sept. 29, 2016
Efrati, E. (May 16, 2016). Researchers: maladaptive daydreaming can become a psychiatric disorder. Haaretz - in Hebrew
Enochs, E. (2017). Common habits that can actually be signs of anxiety. Bustle. Retrived from https://www.bustle.com/p/common-habits-that-can-actually-be-signs-of-anxiety-43127 on March 24, 2017.
Gazit, G. (2016). Can daydreaming lead to a psychiatric disorder? Non-stop Radio 103 FM, Aired may 16, 2016 - In Hebrew

Glausiusz, J. (2014). Living in an Imaginary World. Scientific American – Mind

Glausiusz, J. (March, 2017). Living in an Imaginary World. Scientific American – Mind, retrived from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/living-in-an-imaginary-world1/ April 19, 2017

Goldhill, O. (2016). Daydreaming can become so maladaptive, it looks lioke a psychiatric disorder. Retrieved from http://qz.com/768436/daydreaming-can-become-so-maladaptive-it-looks-like-a-psychiatric-disorder/ on Aug. 28, 2016
Haber, S. (2016). Ensoñación Excesiva, CDI Informa, 2715, 24 - In Spanish
Handrich, R. (June 15, 2016). The maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS). The Jury Room. Accessed http://keenetrial.com/blog/2016/06/15/the-maladaptive-daydreaming-scale-mds/ April 19, 2017.

Kamm, R. (2016). A world of their own. The Wireless. Retrieved from http://thewireless.co.nz/articles/a-world-of- their-own on Aug. 15, 2016

   Published also as 

Kamm, R. (2017). When Does Obsessive Daydreaming Become a Mental Illness? The Vice, Broadly. When Does Obsessive Daydreaming Become a Mental Illness? The Vice, Broadly. Retrived from https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/when-does-obsessive-daydreaming-become-a-mental-illness on January 10, 2017.
Keene, D. (June 13, 2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: The next legal defense theory? The Jury Room. Reterieved from http://keenetrial.com/blog/2016/06/13/maladaptive-daydreaming-the-next-legal-defense-theory/ on April 19, 2017.
Kraft, A. (March 30, 2017). Daydreaming too much can be a sign of a mental illness. Counsel&Heal, Mental Health. http://www.counselheal.com/articles/37088/20170330/daydreaming-much-sign-mental-illness-video.htm accessed April 1, 2017
Le Blanc, N. (2015). De meeste dagdromen zijn bedrog. De Standaard, Feb. 19, 2015 - in Flemish 
My life with maladaptive daydreaming (Feb, 22, 2017). Mars' Hill. http://www.marshillonline.com/academy/my-life-with-maladaptive-daydreaming accessed 23.2.17.
News Medical (May 20, 2016). De Onderzoekers identificeren nieuwe psychologische wanorde, het maladaptive maydreaming - In Dutch
Patri, A. (2016). À quel stade rêvasser devient-il dangereux pour la santé mentale? slate.fr - In French
Pequenino. K. (Dec. 30, 2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: When fantasies become a nightmare. CNN (retrived from http://edition.cnn.com/2016/12/30/health/maladaptive-daydreaming-feature/index.html)
Reddy, A. (2016). When daydreaming becomes a problem. Wall Street Journal, May 9, 2016
Siegel-Itzkovich, J. (May 15, 2016). Studies identify disorder of 'maladaptive daydreaming'. Jerusalem Post
Tatera, K. (May 16, 2016). "Maladaptive" daydreamers dream up tp 69 percent of the day, feel they have an addiction. The Science Explorer
Tsoulis-Reay, A. (2016). What It’s Like When Your Daydreams Are Just As Real As Life. New York Magazine (Oct. 12, 2016)
Tremonti, A.M. (June 9, 2015). Maladaptive daydreaming, a debilitating condition with no escape . The Current, CBC. Originally aired on June 9, 2015
Třešňák, P. (2015). Každý vizionář se na začátku jeví trochu jako blázen. respekt.cz - In Czech
Groundbreaking Research: Scientific evidence to demonstrate that "excessive daydreaming" is a distinct psychological phenomenon  (Spring, 2017). New Heights: University of Haifa Magazine, p.7.
Zepps, J. (2015). Is excessive daydreaming a psychiatric disorder? Huffpost Live. Originally aired May 4, 2015


עצומות למחקר והכרה בתופעה  Petitions to study and recognise MD 


More research into maladaptive daydreaming, Petition to the UK Government and Parliament
Legally recognize Maladaptive Daydreaming as a mental disorder, Petition to the American Psychiatric Association
Help Malaptive Daydreaming be officially recognized as a mental disorder/illness, Petition to the American Psychiatric Association



משאבים Resources

Arabic - أحلام اليقظة المفرطة
Pakonomainen haaveilu - Finnish
Devaneio excessivo - Portugese
Ensoñación excesiva - Spanish
קהילות חלימה חריגה בהקיץ Maladaptive Daydreaming Communities 

Wild Minds Network

Maladaptive Daydreaming on reddit 
Maladaptive Daydreamers Forum on Yahoo groups
קהילות פייסבוק Facebook Communities 
 Maladaptive DayDreaming Real-Time Chat Group
 Maladaptive Daydreaming Disorder Support
 Maladaptive Daydreamers

Maladaptive daydreaming

The Daydreamer's Network + Twitter @daydreamerntwk 
Túlzott álmodozás - Maladaptive Daydreaming
Maladaptive Daydreaming Italia
חלימה בהקיץ מופרזת Maladaptive Daydreaming
Arabmders - احلام اليقظة المبالغ بها
מדגם דפי פינטרסט Sample Pinterest pages   
Maladaptive Daydreaming
Emma-Jean Cooper
Katie Lavan
Elodie The Fangirl
 Adrienne Bruce
Jasmine Williams
הודעות לעיתונות  Press releases and informationals
Soñar despierto podría ser perjudicial para la salud - in Spanish
Sognare a occhi aperti crea dipendenza. Lo dice la scienza, supereve.it - In Italian

Hayal kurmak bir hastalık mı? Asiri Hayal Kurma Problemi (Maladaptive Hayal Kurma) - In Turkish

Aşırı Hayal Kurma Problemi (Maladaptive Hayal Kurma)
Waspadalah, Melamun Gejala Awal Maladaptive Daydreaming!, doktersehat.com - In Malay
Marzeń - Maladaptive daydreaming, psajko.fora.pl - In Polish
In Hebrew - סדרת  מחקרים זיהתה הפרעה פסיכולוגית חדשה:חלימה חריגה בהקיץ, אוניברסיטת חיפה
In Arabic - أحلام اليقظة المبالغ بها
בלוגים ואתרים  Blogs and websites 


Disturbo da Fantasia Compulsive - in Italian
Maladaptive Daydreaming Disorder - In French
Överiä haaveilua - In Finnish
Maladaptivedaydreamingblog, Una scatola di sogni ad occhi aperti, i miei - In Italian
Diário de um compulsivo por fantasia, maladaptivedaydreaminguide.wordpress.com - In Portugese



MDD Support
Maladaptive Daydreaming Macaw

Maladaptive Daydreams

מדגם עדויות ביוטיוב Sample YouTube Testimonies 
Somer Clinic YouTube channel
I talk to myself
Maladaptive Daydreamiong vlog 
Maladaptive Daydreaming
My maladaptive daydreaming story 
Maladaptive Daydreaming - What it has done to me
My Maladaptive Daydreaming Disorder
Maladaptive Daydreaming
מאמרים בבלוג שלנו
חלימה בהקיץ מופרזת Maldaptive Daydreaming

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